Pattern Designer Interview - Melissa Mortenson
Bag Brag Tuesday Linking Party - Week Twenty Four!

Zippit Shut - Zipper Series. Part 1-The History of the Zipper!

One of my hubbys oft used sayings to me is "Zippit".....but he isn't referring to the zippers on my bags! It is his ever so nice way (NOT!) of telling me to shut up when I yak too much! (ME? YAK too much?? NEVER!) BUT....today I don't want to talk about my hubby....anyone else's hubby or indeed my gum flapping abillities!....Lets talk ZIPPERS instead!

Since I live out in the country, it just isn't practical for me to rush off to the shop everytime I need a zipper....sooo...I buy them in bulk:

My-zippers
I know it doesn't look like it, but there are 400+ zippers in those two baskets! Most of them are over 41cm (16") long. I buy them long simply so I always have the right zipper on hand....I just cut them down to the size I need! Later in the series, I will show you just how to do that properly! :)

Today though....I ask....How many of you know how old the zipper is?

Granted I didn't realise the humble zipper has been around as long as it has until I started to do a little research myself! LOL The Zipper’s history dates back more than 150 years ago to 1851!

Actually first thought of by none other than Elias Howe, the inventer of the sewing machine! (Didn't you know Elias Howe invented the sewing machine? LOL, that's OK, neither did I! LOLL)

Elias_Howe_Sewing_Machine_1846
His design was called “Automatic Clothing Continuous Closure” and while it had a similar funtion to today's zipper, it was actually quite different. It consisted of individual clasps that were joined manually before using a string to pull it shut! How awkward! LOLLL

It wasn't until more than 40 years later that another inventor brought a similiar device to the public. Whitcomb Judson, who was a Chicago mechanical engineer, patented his device called a "Clasp Locker" in 1893 and so he was credited for being the “Inventor of the zipper”!

Whitcomb Judson
SOURCE: http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa082497.htm


Funnily I 'had' pictured the inventor of the zipper to be some savvy housewife making herself a new BAG! Guess I was wrong! LOL! Anyway....Whitcomb formed a Company called “Universal Fastener Company” with Colonel Lewis Walker, another businessman and they went on to mass produce the "Clasp Locker". I have to admit I am glad we don't call it that now....imagine hubby telling me to 'clasp your locker shut!' It just doesn't seem to have the same impact, does it? LOLLL

Those early designs were complicated and did not receive much public attention however this did not deterr Whitcomb who went on to further develop similar products by hiring many designers, one of which was a Swedish immigrant and electrical engineer by the name of Gideon Sundback who was hired to improve the design.  

Gideon Sundback
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gideon_Sundback


The first of Gideon's designs was introduced in 1913 and had interlocking oval loops that used a slider in a scoop to lock it together instead of the hooks of earlier designs. His design was patented originally as a “Hookless Fastener”  BUT further improvements saw the development of the “Separable Fastener” patented in 1917.

 

Sundback zipper 1917 patent
SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:001_Sundback_zipper_1917_patent.jpg


The US Army was Sundback's first customer during world war 1, seeing them installed in clothing and battlegear and because people didn't know how to use them, they came with instructions! Haha....can you imagine that? 

The name "Zipper" came about from B.F.Goodrich, who ordered 150,000 of these for his new product - rubber boots. He noticed the boots could be fastened with a single motion of the hand, creating a zzziping sound! What a clever man to put two and two together and come up with a name like that! LOLLL

Mind you, it took many years before the fashion industry came to realise the potential of the zipper. They started to promote it with a sales campaign featuring childrens clothing with zippers in the 1930's. The campaign promoted the zipper as an aid for self reliance in young children by making it possible for them to dress themselves....

1932 children talon ad
SOURCE: http://thezipper.umwblogs.org/adoption/

By the late 1930's the fashion industry started to embrace the zipper and it could be found in many mens apparel such as shoes, trousers, overalls and hunting jackets!

 

1937-talon-ad
SOURCE: http://thezipper.umwblogs.org/adoption/

 

Elsa Schiaperelli, an Italian Fashion Designer, was among the first clothing designers to use zippers in women's fashion and zippers were used extensively in her 1935 spring collection!

1946-talon-ad
SOURCE: http://thezipper.umwblogs.org/adoption/

Originally in the 1960s the market was dominated by the Talon Zipper (USA) and Optilon (Germany). However by the 1980's the industry was soon to be dominated by the Japanese manufacturer YKK who held 45% of the world market share, followed by Optilon (8%) and Talon Zipper (7%). The apparel industry also saw Tex Corp as a significant supplier. The Cremalleras Rubi, a european company, sold over 30 million zippers in 2012 and gee...I had never even heard of them! LOLL

Of course, today the zipper is found in all sort of places such as bags (Of course!) clothing, luggage, leather goods, and various other objects BUT definitely NOT attached to my gums, although, believe it or not, there ARE surgical zippers available today, first tested in 2000, these are laid over the incision and then zips the wound shut!

I must admit I can't even begin to imagine life without the humble zipper, can you?

Next post we'll take a look at the anatomy of a zipper!

Until then I'll zippit! :)
Christine

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